Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys live at Virgin Festival, 2007
Beastie Boys live at Virgin Festival, 2007
Background information
Origin Brooklyn, New York United States
Genres Hip hop, punk rock, rap rock
Years active 1979–present
Labels Rat Cage, Def Jam, Capitol, Grand Royal
Associated acts Young Aborigines, The Young and the Useless, Run-D.M.C., Biz Markie, Q-Tip, Nas, BS 2000
Mike D
Mix Master Mike
Former members
Rick Rubin
John Berry
Kate Schellenbach
DJ Double R</br> Doctor Dré
DJ Hurricane

Beastie Boys is an American hip-hop group from Brooklyn, New York. The group comprises Michael "Mike D" Diamond, Adam "MCA" Yauch, and Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz. Since the release of Hello Nasty, the DJ for the group has been Michael "Mix Master Mike" Schwartz, who was first featured in the song "Three MCs and One DJ".[1].

The Beastie Boys began as a hardcore punk group in 1979, first appearing on the compilation cassette New York Thrash with Riot Fight and Beastie, and later released their debut EP in 1982. After achieving moderate local success with the 1983 release of experimental hip-hop 12" Cooky Puss, they made the transition to hip-hop in 1984 and a string of successful 12" singles followed culminating with their debut album Licensed to Ill (1986) which received international critical acclaim and commercial success.

They are one of the longest lived hip-hop acts worldwide and continue to enjoy commercial and critical success in 2009, more than 25 years after the release of their debut album. On September 27, 2007, they were nominated for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[2] In 2009, the group released digitally remastered deluxe editions of their albums Paul's Boutique, Check Your Head', Ill Communication and Hello Nasty.

===Early years: 1979–1983===
The Beastie Boys came together in 1981 as a punk band. In 1981 Adam Yauch (MCA) had the idea to start a hardcore band and approached John Berry, Kate Schellenbach and Michael Diamond and asked them to join him. The name Beastie Boys came from a suggestion from guitarist John Berry. The initials BB were used due to the bands love for the D.C hardcore band the Bad Brains. The name "Beastie" stands for "Boys Entering Anarchistic States Towards Internal Excellence," but this was an afterthought once the band's name was already Beastie Boys, according to Mike D and MCA.[1] The band's original line-up consisted of Adam Yauch (MCA) on bass, Kate Schellenbach on drums, John Berry on guitar, and Michael Diamond (Mike D) on vocals. Their first gig was at Berry's house on Yauch's 17th birthday.

On Friday, November 13, 1982, the Beastie Boys, consisting of band members, John Berry, Michael Diamond (Mike D) Adam Yauch, (MCA) (a.k.a. Nathanial Hornblower), and Kate Schellenbach (later of Luscious Jackson), played at Philip Pucci's birthday for the purposes of his short concert film of the Beastie Boys, "Beastie"[3][4]. Pucci held the concert in Bard College's Preston Drama Dance Department Theatre. This performance marked the Beastie Boys’ first on screen appearance in a published motion picture. Pucci's concept for “Beastie” was to distribute a mixture of half dozen 16mm Bell and Howell and Bolex cameras to audience members and ask that they capture the Beastie Boys performance from the audience’s own point of view while a master sync sound camera filmed from the balcony of the abandoned theater where the performance was held. The opening band for that performance was “The Young and the Useless”, which featured Adam Horovitz (Ad-Rock) as their lead singer. A one minute clip of "Beastie" was subsequently excerpted and licensed by the Beastie Boys for use in the "Egg Raid on Mojo" segment of the "Skills to Pay the Bills" long form home video released by Capitol Records. “Skills to Pay the Bills” went on to earn the Recording Industry Association of America’s (R.I.A.A.) gold sales award for selling more than 500,000 copies.

The band quickly earned support slots for Bad Brains, the Dead Kennedys,[5] the Misfits[6] and Reagan Youth at venues such as CBGB and Max's Kansas City, playing at the latter venue on its closing night. That same year, the Beastie Boys recorded the 7" EP Pollywog Stew at 171A studios, an early recorded example of New York hardcore.

John Berry left the group (later forming Thwig, Big Fat Love, and the San Francisco booze rock band Bourbon Deluxe) and was replaced by Adam Horovitz (Ad-Rock) who had previously played in the punk band The Young and the Useless in 1982. The band also performed its first rap track, "Cooky Puss", based on a prank call by the group to Carvel Ice Cream. It became a hit in New York underground dance clubs upon its release.

===Licensed to Ill: 1984–1987===
It was during this period that Def Jam record producer Rick Rubin signed on and the Beastie Boys changed from a punk rock outfit to a three-man rap crew. The band released the 12" EP, Rock Hard, in 1985—the second record released by Def Jam that credited Rubin as producer. Soon after Rubin's arrival, Schellenbach developed creative differences with the band, citing her friction with Rubin. It was believed that Rubin objected to Schellenbach's place in the band as she did not fit the hip hop image to which the band aspired. Schellenbach went on to join Luscious Jackson in 1991.
In 1985, the band opened for John Lydon's post-Sex Pistols band Public Image Ltd.,[7] as well as supporting Madonna on her North American The Virgin Tour. Later in the year, the group was on the Raising Hell tour with Run DMC, Whodini, LL Cool J, and the Timex Social Club. With their exposure on this tour, the track "Hold It Now, Hit It" made Billboard's national R&B and Dance charts. The track "She's on It" from the Krush Groove soundtrack continued in a rap/metal vein while a double A-side 12," "Paul Revere/The New Style," was released at the end of the year.

The band recorded Licensed to Ill in 1986 and released the album at the end of the year. The album was well-received, and was favorably reviewed by Rolling Stone magazine with the now-famous headline, "Three Idiots Create a Masterpiece." Licensed to Ill became the best selling rap album of the 1980s and the first rap album to go #1 on the Billboard album chart, where it stayed for five weeks. It also reached #2 on the Urban album charts. It was Def Jam's fastest selling debut record to date and sold over five million copies. The first single from the album, "Fight for Your Right", (Template:Audio) reached #7 on the Billboard Hot 100, and the video (directed by Ric Menello) became an MTV staple.

The band took the Licensed to Ill tour around the world the following year. It was a tour clouded in controversy featuring female members of the crowd dancing in cages and a giant motorized inflatable penis similar to one used by The Rolling Stones in the 1970s. The tour was troubled by lawsuits and arrests, with the band accused of provoking the crowd. This culminated in their notorious gig at the Royal Court Theatre, Liverpool, England on May 30, 1987 that erupted into a riot approximately 10 minutes after the Beasties hit the stage and the arrest of Adam Horovitz by Merseyside Police on assault charges.

After the success of Licensed to Ill, the Beasties parted ways with Def Jam and ended their relationship with Rick Rubin to sign with Capitol Records.

In 1998, a bootleg album entitled Original Ill was released, featuring original
of all the tracks from the final version of Licensed to Ill, plus deleted tracks "I'm Down" (a Beatles cover) and "The Scenario."

===Paul's Boutique and Check Your Head: 1988–1992===

The group matured with their second album, Paul's Boutique, produced by the Dust Brothers and Matt Dike. Recorded in 1988, this extremely sample-heavy opus is still considered [9] one of the strongest works by the Beasties, and Rolling Stone ranked it #156 on its list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[10] It is also considered a landmark in hip hop recordings due to its intricate use of multi-layering[11] and large array of samples. The album was released in 1989 by Capitol Records, after the falling out between the Boys and Def Jam. It failed to match the sales of Licensed to Ill, reaching #14 on the Billboard 200 and #10 on the Billboard R&B charts. The lead single, "Hey Ladies", reached #36 on the Billboard 100 and #10 on the R&B charts. Rolling Stone would describe the album as "the Pet Sounds/The Dark Side of the Moon of hip hop." Paul's Boutique would eventually sell a million albums, despite the initially weak commercial reception. The band digitally remastered and released the album through their own website.

In 1988 The Beastie Boys also appeared in the Run-D.M.C film Tougher Than Leather.

The follow-up album, Check Your Head, was recorded in the band's own "G-Son" studio in Atwater Village, California and released on its Grand Royal record label. The band was influenced to play instruments on this album by Dutch group Urban Dance Squad; with Mike D on drums, Yauch on bass, Horovitz on guitar and Mark Ramos Nishita ("Keyboard Money Mark") on keyboards. Mario Caldato Jr. ("Mario C") engineered the record and would become a longtime collaborator. Check Your Head was released in 1992 and went double platinum in the U.S., reaching a peak of #10 on the Billboard 200. The single "So What'cha Want" reached #93 on the Billboard 100 and made both the urban and modern rock charts while the album's first single "Pass the Mic" became a hit in dance clubs. The album also introduced a more experimental direction, with funk and jazz inspired songs including "Lighten Up" and "Something's Got To Give." The band used a sample of Back Door's title track from the first Back Door album (1972) on the track "Stand Together," and distorted guitar on "Gratitude." Hardcore punk even made its reappearance with "Time For Livin'."

Beastie Boys signed an eclectic roster of artists to the Grand Royal label including Luscious Jackson, Sean Lennon and promising Australian artist Ben Lee. Beastie Boys owned Grand Royal Records until 2001 when it was then sold for financial reasons. Grand Royal's first independent release was Luscious Jackson's album In Search of Manny in 1993. The Beastie Boys also published Grand Royal Magazine, with the first edition in 1993 featuring a cover story on Bruce Lee, artwork by George Clinton, and interviews with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and A Tribe Called Quest MC Q-Tip. The 1995 issue of the magazine contained a memorable piece on the mullet. The Oxford English Dictionary cites this as the first published use of the term, along with the lyrics from the Beasties' 1994 song "Mullet Head." The OED says that the term was "apparently coined, and certainly popularized, by U.S. hip-hop group the Beastie Boys."[12] Grand Royal Magazine is also responsible for giving British band Sneaker Pimps their name.

===Ill Communication: 1993–1996===
Ill Communication, released in 1994, saw the Beastie Boys' return to the top of the charts when the album debuted at #1 on the Billboard Top 200 & peaked at #2 on the R&B/ hip hop album chart. The single "Sabotage" (Template:Audio) became a hit on the modern rock charts and the music video, directed by Spike Jonze, received extensive play on MTV. "Get It Together" reached Top 10 of the Billboard dance charts and also became an urban hit while "Sure Shot" was a dance hit. Some Old Bullshit, featuring the band's early independent material, made #50 on the Billboard independent charts.

Beastie Boys headlined at Lollapalooza—an American travelling music festival—in 1994, together with The Smashing Pumpkins. In addition, the band performed three concerts (in Los Angeles, New York City, and Washington D.C.) to raise money for the Milarepa Fund and dedicated the royalties from "Shambala" and "Bodhisattva Vow" from the Ill Communication album to the cause. The Milarepa Fund aims to raise awareness of Tibetan human rights issues and the exile of the Dalai Lama. In 1996, Yauch organized the Tibetan Freedom Concert, a two-day festival at Golden Gate Park in San Francisco that attracted 100,000 people.

In 1995, the popularity of Beastie Boys was underlined when tickets for an arena tour went on sale in the U.S. and sold out within a few minutes. One dollar from each ticket sold went to local charities. The Beastie Boys toured South America and Southeast Asia for the first time. The band also released Aglio e Olio, a collection of eight songs lasting just eleven minutes harking back to their punk roots, in 1995. The In Sound From Way Out!, a collection of previously released jazz/funk instrumentals, was released on Grand Royal in 1996 with the title and artwork a homage to an album by electronic pop music pioneers Perrey and Kingsley.

===Hello Nasty: 1998–2001===
Template:Unreferenced section
Beastie Boys returned to New York City in 1997 to produce and record the album Hello Nasty. The album displayed a substantial shift in musical feel, with the addition of Mix Master Mike, who added to the Beasties' sound with his kinetic DJ style. Released July 14, 1998, Hello Nasty earned first week sales of 698,527 in the U.S. and went straight to #1 in the U.S., the UK, Germany, Australia, The Netherlands, New Zealand, and Sweden. The album achieved #2 rank in the charts in Canada and Japan, and reached Top Ten chart positions in Austria, Switzerland, Ireland, Belgium, Finland, France and Israel.

During 1998, rumors, seemingly generated by comments from the band, pointed to a possibility that they were to release a country album. Both Michael Diamond and Adam Yauch are credited with interview comments that piqued interest in whether or not an album would be released. Since they had long been notorious for pranking the media, it was difficult for anyone to take these comments seriously until tracks became available, most notably on The Sounds of Science anthology album. Adam Yauch published the following in the liner notes: "At some point after Ill Communication came out, Mike got hit in the head by a large foreign object and lost all of his memory. As it started coming back he believed he was a country singer named Country Mike. The psychologists told us that if we didn't play along with Mike's fantasy, he would be in grave danger. Finally he came back to his senses. These songs are just a few of many we made during that tragic period of time." How much is fact or fiction is difficult to determine, but when the album surfaced on eBay fans scrambled to get their hands on what had proven to be a rare album.

Beastie Boys won two Grammy Awards in 1999, receiving the Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album for Hello Nasty as well as the Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance "Intergalactic" This was the first and, as of 2008, only time that a band had won awards in both rap and alternative categories.

Also at the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards they won the highly coveted Video Vanguard Award for their contribution to music videos. The following year at the 1999 MTV Video Music Awards they also won the award for Best Hip Hop Video for their hit song "Intergalactic." Beastie Boys used both appearances at the Video Music Awards to make politically-charged speeches of considerable length to the sizable MTV audiences. At the 1998 ceremony, Yauch addressed the issue of Muslim people being stereotyped as terrorists and that most people of the Muslim faith are not terrorists.[13] These comments were made in the wake of the U.S. Embassy bombings that had occurred in both Kenya and Tanzania only a month earlier. At the 1999 ceremony in the wake of the horror stories that were coming out of Woodstock 99, Adam Horovitz addressed the fact that there had been so many cases of sexual assaults and rapes at the festival and the need for bands and festivals to pay much more attention to the security details at their concerts.

Beastie Boys started an arena tour in 1998. Through Ian C. Rogers, the band made live downloads of their performances available for their fans but were temporarily thwarted when Capitol Records removed them from its website. The Beastie Boys was one of the first bands who made mp3 downloads available on their website; they got a high level of response and public awareness as a result including a published article in The Wall Street Journal on the band's efforts.

The 1999 Tibetan Freedom Concerts featured shows in East Troy, Wisconsin, Sydney, Tokyo, and Amsterdam. On September 28, 1999, Beastie Boys joined Elvis Costello to play "Radio Radio" on the 25th anniversary season of Saturday Night Live.

Beastie Boys released The Sounds of Science, a two-CD anthology of their works in 1999. This album reached #19 on the Billboard 200, #18 in Canada, #6 on the Internet sales charts, and #14 on the R&B/Hip Hop charts. The one new song, the single "Alive", reached #11 on the Billboard's Modern Rock chart.

In the years following the release of Hello Nasty the group launched their official website which underwent several transformations eventually culminating in one of the most popular recording artist related websites on the internet.

In 2000, Beastie Boys had planned to co-headline the "Rhyme and Reason Tour" with Rage Against the Machine and Busta Rhymes, but the tour was canceled when drummer Mike D suffered a serious injury due to a bicycle accident. The official diagnosis was fifth-degree acromioclavicular joint dislocation; he needed surgery and extensive rehabilitation. By the time he recovered, Rage Against the Machine had disbanded.

Under the name "Country Mike," Mike D recorded an album, Country Mike's Greatest Hits, and gave it to friends and family for Christmas in 2000. Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz's side project BS 2000 released Simply Mortified in 2001.

In 2002, it was discovered that Mike D and Rick Rubin were reuniting to produce Mike's other side project, World of Hustle.

Hello Nasty was reissued on September 22, 1998.

===To the 5 Boroughs: 2002–2006===
The band increased its level of political activism after the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, organizing and headlining the New Yorkers Against Violence Concert in October 2001. Funds from the concert went towards the New York Women's Foundation Disaster Relief Fund and the New York Association for New Americans (NYANA).

In 2002, Beastie Boys started building a new studio facility, Oscilloscope, in downtown Manhattan, New York and started work on a new album. The band released a protest song, "In A World Gone Mad", against the 2003 Iraq war as a free download on several websites, including the Milarepa website, the MTV website,, and Win Without War. It became the most downloaded track during April 2003. The 19th and 20th Tibetan Freedom Concerts were held in Tokyo and Taipei, Beastie Boys' first Taiwan appearance. Beastie Boys also headlined the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival.

Their single, "Ch-Check It Out," debuted on The O.C. in "The Vegas" episode from Season 1 which aired April 28, 2004.

To the 5 Boroughs was released worldwide on June 15, 2004. It was the first album the Beastie Boys produced themselves and reached #1 on the Billboard album charts, #2 in the UK and Australia, and #3 in Germany. The first single from the album, "Ch-Check It Out", reached #1 in Canada and the US Modern Rock Tracks, #2 on the world internet download charts, and #3 on a composite world modern rock chart.

The album was the cause of some controversy with allegations that it installed spyware when inserted into the CD drive of a computer.[14] The band has denied this allegation, defending that there is no copy protection software on the albums sold in the U.S. and UK. While there is Macrovision CDS-200 copy protection software installed on European copies of the album, this is standard practice for all European releases on EMI/Capitol Records released in Europe, and it does not install spyware or any form of permanent software.

The band stated in mid-2006 that they were writing material for their next album and would be producing it themselves.[15][16]

===The Mix-Up: 2007–2008===
Speaking to British music weekly NME (April 26, 2007),[17] Diamond revealed that a new album was to be called The Mix-Up. Despite initial confusion regarding whether the album would have lyrics as opposed to being purely instrumental, the Mic-To-Mic blog reported that Capitol Records had confirmed it would be strictly instrumental and erroneously reported a release date scheduled for July 10, 2007[18] (The album was eventually released June 26, as originally reported). On May 1, 2007, this was further cemented by an e-mail[19] sent to those on the Beastie Boys' mailing list — explicitly stating that the album would be all instrumental:

OK, here's our blurb about our new album – it spits hot fire! – hot shit! it's official... it's named The Mix-Up. g'wan. all instrumental record. "see i knew they were gonna do that!" that's a quote from you. check the track listing and cover below. you love us. don't you?

The band subsequently confirmed this in public, playing several tracks from the album at the 2007 Virgin Festival at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.

To support the release, a string of live dates was announced[20] that focused on festivals as opposed to a traditional tour, including the likes of Sónar[21] (Spain), Roskilde (Denmark), Hurricane[22]/Southside[23] (Germany), Bestival[24] (Isle Of Wight), Electric Picnic[25] (Ireland) and Open'er Festival[26] (Poland). Beastie Boys performed at the UK leg of Live Earth July 7, 2007 at Wembley Stadium, London with Sabotage, So What'cha Want, Intergalactic, and Sure Shot.[27]

They worked with Reverb, a non-profit environmental organization, on their 2007 summer tour.[28]

Beastie Boys were featured on the cover of Beyond Race magazine for the publication's summer 2007 issue.

They won a Grammy for The Mix-Up in the "Best Pop Instrumental Album" category at the 50th Annual Grammy Awards in 2008.

===Hot Sauce Committee: 2009–present===
In February 2009, Yauch revealed their forthcoming new album has taken the band's sound in a "bizarre" new direction, saying "It's a combination of playing and sampling stuff as we're playing, and also sampling pretty obscure records." The tentative title for the record was Tadlock's Glasses, of which Yauch explained the inspiration behind the title:

"We had a bus driver years ago who used to drive Elvis' back up singers. His name was Tadlock and Elvis gave him a pair of glasses which he was very proud of. So for some reason that title – Tadlock's Glasses – has just been bouncing around."

In June 2009 The Beastie Boys appeared at Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival and performed the new single from the album titled "Too Many Rappers" alongside rapper Nas who appears on the track. The group would have toured the UK later in the year in support of the new record.[29]

On May 25, it was announced during an interview on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon that the name of their new album would be Hot Sauce Committee and was set for release on September 15[30] (with the tracklisting of the album announced through their mailing list on June 23).

Speaking to Drowned in Sound the Beastie Boys revealed that Part 2 is done.[31] Mike D also hinted it may be released via unusual means:

Pt. 2 is pretty much done. Basically we were making ...Pt 1, had too many songs, so we recorded some more songs. Which sounds bizarre but it actually worked out, because it made it clear to us which songs were going to be on ...Pt 1. Then we had this whole other album of songs: ...Pt 2. ...Pt 1's going to be your regular CD in the stores and to download, but ...Pt 2 is going to be released in...we're still figuring it out, but a different way. More of a 2009 style. You could get in the shower one day and, boom, all of a sudden you're showered with MP3s. Or we might send people a seven-inch every few weeks, so you have a whole box set.[29]

On July 20, Yauch announced on the Beastie Boys' official YouTube channel[32] and through the fan mailing list the cancellation of several tour dates and the postponement of the new album[33] due to the discovery of a cancerous tumor in his parotid gland and a lymph node. The group also had to cancel their co-headlining gig at the Osheaga Festival in Montreal as well as a headlining spot at 2009's Lollapalooza.

==Influences and legacy==
Beastie Boys have had four albums reach the top of the Billboard album charts (Licensed to Ill, Ill Communication, Hello Nasty and To The 5 Boroughs) since 1986. In the November 2004 issue, Rolling Stone named "Sabotage" the 475th song on their 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list.[34]
In their April 2005 issue, Rolling Stone ranked them #77 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[35] On September 27, 2007, it was announced that Beastie Boys were one of the nine nominees for the 2008 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductions.[36]

A controversial concert in Columbus, Georgia in 1987 led to the passage of a lewdness ordinance in that city.[37] Sal Governale, a comedian on the staff of The Howard Stern Show, indicated on air on July 25, 2007, that he was the president of the Beastie Boys fan club in the 1980s on the Prodigy computer network.[38]

==Sampling lawsuit==
In 2003, Beastie Boys were involved in the landmark sampling decision, Newton v. Diamond. In that case, a federal judge ruled that the band was not liable for sampling James Newton's "Choir" in their track, "Pass the Mic." The sample used is the six-second flute stab. In short, the Beasties cleared the sample but obtained only the rights to use the sound recording and not the composition rights to the song "Choir." In the decision, the judge found that "when viewed in relation to Newton's composition as a whole, the sampled portion is neither quantitatively nor qualitatively significant... Because Beastie Boys' use of the sound recording was authorized, the sole basis of Newton's infringement action is his remaining copyright interest in the 'Choir' composition. We hold today that Beastie Boys' use of a brief segment of that composition, consisting of three notes separated by a half-step over a background C note, is not sufficient to sustain a claim for copyright infringement."[39]

==Band members==
File:Michael Diamond 1.jpg

File:Adam Yauch 1.jpg

File:Adam Horovitz.jpg

* Mike D (Michael Diamond) – vocals, drums (1981–present)
* MCA (Adam Yauch) – vocals, bass (1981–present)
* Ad-Rock (Adam Horovitz) – vocals, guitars (1983–present)
* Mix Master Mike (Michael Schwartz) – disc jockey, turntables (1998–present)

===Former members===
* John Berry – guitars (1981–1982)
* Kate Schellenbach – drums, percussion (1981–1984)
* DJ Double R (Rick Rubin) – disc jockey (1984–1985)
* Doctor Dré (André Brown) – disc jockey (1986)
* DJ Hurricane (Wendell Fite) – disc jockey (1986–1997)

===Other contributing members===
* Rick Rubinproducer (1985–1986)
* The Dust Brothers – producer (1988)
* Mario Caldato, Jr. – producer, engineer (1988–1998)
* Money Mark (Mark Ramos-Nishita) – keyboards, vocals (1992–present)
* Eric Bobo – percussion (1992–1998)
* AWOL (Amery Smith) – drums (1994–1995)

===Studio albums===
* Licensed to Ill (1986)
* Paul's Boutique (1989)
* Check Your Head (1992)
* Ill Communication (1994)
* Hello Nasty (1998)
* To the 5 Boroughs (2004)
* The Mix-Up (2007)
* Hot Sauce Committee, Pt. 1 (TBA)
* Hot Sauce Committee, Pt. 2 (TBA)

  1. Beastie Boys |<!. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  2. The Honorees (Biography). MTV Networks (2006).
  3. Beastie (1982),
  4. Beastie, Early Concert Film with The Beastie Boys
  5. Raul Pollicino (1983-07-06). Gigography. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  6. Raul Pollicino (1982-06-25). Gigography. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  7. Fader magazine 2 sur Flickr : partage de photos !. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  8. [1]
  9. Clayton Purdom (2009-02-24). Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique (20th Anniversary Edition) (Capitol; 1988) | Record Reviews @. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  10. Posted Nov 1, 2003 12:00 AM (2003-11-01). 156) Paul’s Boutique. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  11. Paul's Boutique: Information and Much More from<!. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  12. [2]Template:Dead link
  13. MTV Video Music Awards | 1998 | Highlights, Winners, Performers and Photos from the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards. (1998-09-10). Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  14. Greene, Thomas C (2004-06-23). Beastie Boys CD Virus. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  15. Mark Daniell. CANOE — JAM! Music: Beasties reinvent the concert film. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  17. World exclusive — Beastie Boys name new album | News | NME.COM. Nme.Com<! (2007-04-26). Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  18. Mic to Mic: Beastie Boys "The Mix-Up" due July June 10, 26. (2007-04-26). Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  19. Official Beastie Boys Web Site. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  20. Official Beastie Boys Web Site. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  21. Sónar. Home. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  22. Hurricane Festival
  23. Southside Festival
  24. Bestival 2007. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  25. Electric Picnic
  26. o p e n ' e r f e s t i v a l
  27. Live Earth on MSN: The Concerts For A Climate In Crisis. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  28. R E V E R B. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  29. 29.0 29.1 "Beasties promise 'strange' record". 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  30. [3]Template:Dead link
  31. Anonymous, Adam (2009-06-28). Boys will be boys: Beastie Boys talk Hot Sauce Committee Pt. 1 / In Depth // Drowned In Sound. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  32. 20 juli 2009. Yauch Announcement. YouTube. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  33. Beastie Boys' MCA diagnosed with cancer — tour/new album pushed back. idiomag (2009-07-21). Retrieved on 2009-07-22.
  34. The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone.
  35. The Immortals. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
  36. the 2008 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Nominees. Future Rock Hall. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  37. Anti-lewdness ordinance started in Columbus, GA after Beastie Boys show 19 years ago [Archive] – Beastie Boys Message Board. (2006-02-19). Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  38. The best of the week nov. 30 – dec. 4 – The Howard Stern Show. Retrieved on 2009-12-07.
  39. Sampling Law (Annex): Newton v. Diamond (2003)Template:Dead link

==External links==
Template:Commons category
*Official website
*Beastie Museum

Template:Beastie Boys erf

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